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Chikmagalur known as coffee town or personified as land of coffee located at the foothills of Mullayangiri range. Coffee was cultivated at very first time in this part of India. This place is called as tourist’s paradise due its climatic conditions and amid scenic landscape view. The range in which these mountains lie are called as Western Ghats and these Ghats are source of rivers like Tunga and bhadra. The highest peak in this range is Mullayangiri and the hill stations like kemmangundi and kudremukha come in this place, waterfalls like Kallathigiri, Hebbe and Manikyadhara can seen in this district.
Wildlife's can be found in this place at Bhadra wildlife sanctuary and kudremukha National park, this place also has rich architectural history which can be seen in Holysala temple and Amruthapura temple. This place is also known as Chikka-magaluru means in Kannada it means "The town of the younger daughter", from the story it's believed that the town is given as a dowry to the younger daughter of Rukmangada (legendary chef of Sakkarepatna). Yeah there's also a place called Hiremagalur which is approximately 5km from Chikmagalur district.
This is the place where Holysala regime started there rulings, Veeraballa of this empire built famous temples at Amruthapura in Tarikere taluk. The saint Baba Budan on his pilgrimage to Mecca, where he discovered coffee at the sea ports of mocha and Yemen. Meanwhile travelling through India he wanted to introduce the taste of coffee to India so he wrapped 7 coffee beans around his belly and got them out from the Arab and while his return he planted them at the foothills of Chikmagalur and hence got the name Baba Budan giri range. The former Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi contested from this place and got elected to loksabha.
This place is surrounded by Chandra Drona hills and dense forests. The highest peak is Mullayangiri which is about 1926 mts above the sea level, being the highest point of Karnataka and this place receives an Average rainfall of 1925mm. 30 % of this district is covered in forests . The rivers like Tunga, Netravathi, Hemavathi, bhadra flows all year around. This place has rich is deposits of iron, magnetite and granite deposits. Black soil is found on the hills of Baba Budan giri where as the red and gravel soils are found in the southern parts of Chikmagalur. 81% of the people reside in the rural area and rest 19% are in urban area. Sringeri has the least population and Chickmanglur has the highest population and native spoken language is Kannada.
Agriculture is the primary occupation of the district. Being the former production of coffee in the state. Agriculture is bifurcated into three seasons namely kharif, Rabi and summer. Important crops like cereals and pulses, oil seeds are grown along with commercial crops like sugarcane, cotton. The coffee board located in the town is government operated that looks after the production and Marketing of the cultivated coffee. Arabica and Robusta are the two types. Where 85,465 hectares of Arabica are planted in the higher levels of the hills and lower level of hills has Robusta. 15,000 coffee growers can be seen in this district among which 96% of them are small growers having less than or equal to 4 hectares of land, the average production is 55,000 MT, out of which 35,000 MT of Arabica and 20,000 MT of Robusta are obtained and the average productivity per hectare is 810 kg of Arabica and 1110kg of Robusta, Which are higher than national average.
This place has only one large scale industry called M/s Kudremukha Iron Ore Company Ltd. (KIOCL) in Kudremukha area of Mudigere Taluk and only one medium scale industry named M/s Vignyan Industries Ltd, which is located in Tarikere town which produces steel castings. There are 2 industrial estates one is located near to Chikkmagaluru & other is near Birur in Kadur Taluk. This Chikmagalur industrial state is spread over 13.20 acres and the other is 11.1 acres. Karnataka Industrial Area Development Board (KIADB) can be seen as an Industrial Area of over 145 acres near Amble village of Chikmagalur taluk .due to improper routes and inadequate infrastructure the progress in industrial area are less.
The literacy rate of this district is higher than the average literacy rate of Karnataka state which is about 75.36%. There is also an engineering college named as Adichunchanagiri Institute of Technology which provides many courses, there are 3 polytechnic colleges and there is one sanctioned medical college in the city which is under construction which offers Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) degree.
This place is not well known for its poor roads, there are only two NHS which pass through the district one is NH 13 (Sholapur to Mangalore ) and the other is NH 206 (Bangalore to Honnavar). The total length of the roads is 7264 kms. Chickmanglur, Kadur, Tarikere have railways passing through them and the total length of the railway line is 136 and Birur is the main junction of the place , this district has small air port near Gowdanhalli village about 10 kms away from town.
Tourist towns near this place are Kemmangundi, Mullayangiri, Kudremukha national park, Dattapeeta also known as Baba Budan giri, Deviramma Betta which has a vast lush of Green sceneric view, Temple towns like sringeri, Hornadu, Kalasa, Narasimharajapura, Sompur, Amruthapura are the religious places which found here which attracts many devotes and this place has a coffee museum too.
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